The rise and rise of the Seljuks is a shining chapter in the history of Islam. He appeared on the page of history at a time when the tree of Iqbal of the Abbasid Caliphate had become disgusting.
The Seljuk caliphs became supporters of the Abbasids. He not only saved the Abbasid Caliphate from extinction, but once again coined the greatness of the Muslims in the world. Where they proved to be swordsmen in the arms of Islam, they also lit such candles of civilization and knowledge and art that the whole world was enlightened by them. Among the Seljuk rulers, Sultan Tughral Beg, Sultan Alp Arsalan and his son Malik Shah have an everlasting reputation in history. In all three, Alp Arslan has the characteristic of strengthening the foundations of the Seljuk Empire founded by Sultan Tughral Beg to such an extent that the political and cultural influences of the Seljuk period were felt in the world for centuries.
The family of Sultan Alp Arsalan belonged to a Ghaztari tribe of Central Asia who had converted to Islam in the middle of the fourth century AH or earlier. Before the conversion to Islam, the Turkic tribes of Central Asia generally lived a nomadic life. During the global conquests of the Muslims in the first and second centuries, the borders of Islamic occupation extended to the Turkish settlements, so they often began to associate with Muslim traders. Under his influence, Islam gradually began to spread among the Turks and they began to adapt to the mold of civilization. The tribe of Turks who converted to Islam settled on the borders of the Islamic Empire. They were commonly called Turkmen. A tribe of Ghaztirks migrated from their homeland in the middle of the fourth century AH or shortly before that, crossed the canal and settled there in the vicinity of Jund. After some time here, this tribe converted to Islam. The chief of this tribe was Seljuk bin Daqaq (Yatqaq).
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He was the heir apparent to the Seljuk Sultan Alp Arslan, and his family and lineage are called Seljuk, Al-Seljuk, Seljuk or Slajik after his name. Seljuk was a mujahid man. Whenever the savage Turks marched towards his territory, he would shield himself in front of them and fight with his infidel brothers and slaves to save the lives and property of the Muslims.
After Seljuk’s death, his son Israel (Arsalan) led the Seljuk Turks across the river for thirty-two years and took a significant part in the battles that took place in Samanid, Alak Khani and Ghazni. In 9 AH, Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni captured Israel and imprisoned it in the fort of Kalingar (India). Where he died seven years later in 5 AH. His son escaped from the Ghaznavids and reached his relatives in Bukhara. This massacre is the supreme heir of the Roman Empire, which ruled Asia through Czechoslovakia until 6 AH / 5 AD, and was succeeded by the Ottoman Turks.
Seljuk’s second son, Michael, was probably killed in a battle in his lifetime, but was left behind by Tughral Beg and Chaghri Beg, son of David Donamore. After the death of the Seljuks, the Seljuks were divided into two groups, one with Israel as its leader and the other with Tughral Beg and Chaghri Beg David. For the next 32 years, while Israel continued to actively participate in transatlantic politics, Tughral Beg and Chaghari Beg Dawood lived quietly in the vicinity of Jund with their fellow tribesmen.
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As long as Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni survived, he did not dare to confront any group of Seljuks in the face of his immense military might and tact. The Pai Seljuks began their campaign against his successor, Sultan Masud. Massoud was devoid of the virtues of his great father, so he could not handle his vast empire. For many years there were battles between the Ghaznavids and the Seljuks, sometimes the Ghaznavids were defeated and sometimes the Seljuks.
Finally, in 9 AH, Tughral Beg and Chaghari Beg Dawood decisively defeated Masood Ghaznavi in a bloody battle between Surkhs and Marwa. As a result, the Ghaznavid Empire collapsed in its eastern regions (Ghazni, Punjab, etc.) and the Seljuqs became the masters of Khurasan’s destiny.